Address by Senator Enverga: Announcement of New Funding for the International Organization of Migration

June 28, 2014 – Toronto

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Good morning/afternoon.

Friends, I am pleased to join you today on behalf of my colleague, the Honourable Christian Paradis, Canada’s Minister of International Development and for La Francophonie.

Minister Paradis regrets that he cannot be here for the Pinoy Fiesta and Trade Show. He has asked me to convey his sincerest thanks for inviting him to attend.

Last fall, the Minister travelled to the Philippines, as the sun was finally rising to reveal the full destruction that Typhoon Haiyan had left behind. 

It was, for Minister Paradis, an opportunity to survey the damage. And to get a full sense of what role Canada could play to help meet the growing humanitarian needs of the millions of people who were affected in some way.

If the Minister was so quick to jump on a plane and go into that disaster zone, it was because of the long-standing friendship that exists between Canada and the Philippines.

Indeed, our bilateral relations are strong and friendly, and marked by close cooperation in many areas.

Our embassy in Manila, for example, works with the Government of the Philippines, members of civil society, and international organizations to promote democratic development, good governance, rule of law, peace, and the protection of human rights for all Filipinos.

These are the very hallmarks of Canada’s principle-based foreign policy.

We believe in dignity for all people—that freedom, democracy, human rights and the rule of law are the values upon which pluralistic societies are built, and the values to which all human beings are entitled.

We know we have a responsibility to help the global community reach its full potential.

And we understand that our global reputation as a nation steeped in philanthropic engagement positions us well to offer assistance and expertise in areas of the world that need it.

It is why we were so quick to contribute to the recovery effort in the wake of Typhoon Haiyan.

And it is why today I am announcing more Canadian support—in this case to help address the immediate needs of thousands of conflict-affected families in the Philippines.

Decades of ongoing fighting on Mindanao Island have caused far too many people to suffer unimaginable consequences.

They live in dire conditions, without the basic necessities to, if not live comfortably, then at least get by.

Canada wants to help change that.

So we are providing the International Organization for Migration with $800,000 in new humanitarian assistance funding.

This contribution is going towards a project that will address immediate needs on Mindanao Island.

It will improve access to safe drinking water.

Make sanitation and hygiene facilities easier to find and use.

And improve nutrition for families and individuals who struggle to find enough nutritious food.

Our assistance will support the IOM’s efforts to better coordinate and manage camps for more than 25,000 internally displaced people in 10 evacuation centres and four temporary shelters.

And it will improve conditions in these shelters by providing privacy partitions for approximately 4,000 families.

The IOM’s Chief of Mission in the Philippines, Marco Boasso, has called our contribution generous. And he has said that it will help thousands of vulnerable people.

Few rewards are greater than this… knowing that our assistance will make a difference in the lives of so many.

It has long been Canada’s commitment to provide appropriate, timely and effective humanitarian assistance, in response to conflicts and natural disasters.

We do it to save lives, alleviate suffering, and maintain the dignity of those who are affected.

With today’s announcement, Canada proudly reaffirms this commitment in the Philippines. And, more specifically, to the people of Mindanao Island, who bear the scars of years of conflict in that region.

May this funding help them find their way, and overcome the challenges they face.

Thank you.

Earthquake shakes Mindoro, Philippines (also felt in Manila)

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Update : Phivolcs does not expect any damage from this earthquake (neither do we)

Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 17.58.35

Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 14.28.53 Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 14.29.03

Update 12:08 UTC : USGS reports now a Magnitude of 5.6 at a depth of 76 km. This depth explains why so many people have felt this earthquake.

Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 14.10.03

Update 12:06 UTC : As the epicenter is below the sea we do not expect any damage from this earthquake. Let’s hope that we are right.

Screen Shot 2014-06-25 at 14.05.06

121 km S of Manila, Philippines / pop: 10,444,527 / local time: 19:52:00.5 2014-06-25
59 km W of Calapan, Philippines / pop: 66,008 / local time: 19:52:00.5 2014-06-25
25 km SW of Tingloy, Philippines / pop: 2,646 / local time: 19:52:00.5 2014-06-25
14 km NW of Wawa, Philippines / pop: 4,881 / local time: 19:52:00.5 2014-06-25

Most important Earthquake Data:

Magnitude : 5.4

Local Time (conversion only below land) : 2014-06-25 19:52:00

GMT/UTC Time : 2014-06-25 11:52:00

Depth (Hypocenter) : 71 km

Depth and Magnitude updates in the list below.

Share your earthquake experience (I Have Felt It) with our readers.
Click on the “I Felt It” button behind the corresponding earthquake. Your earthquake experience is not only important for science, but also for people in the area as well as our global readership.

SRC Location UTC Date/time M D INFO
USGS Wawa, Philippines Jun 25 11:52 5.6 76 MAP I Felt It
  • Caloocan – Build had a strong jolt/weak shaking, wife freaked out.. lasted only a few secs
  • Dasmarinas Cavite – just minor shaking lasted for few seconds
  • Sampaloc – June 25, 2014 7:55pm 6-7 secs I thought I was dizzy at that time
  • Calamba – Lasted a few seconds
  • cavite – my chair is moving
  • Sta Rosa Laguna – i thought it was just the door on the other room and then i started seeing everything loose shake..
  • Manila – for about 10-15 seconds
  • Taguig – i felt it but my officemates are too busy to feel the tremor lol
  • cyberagate boni edsa – no damage just a dizzying movement felt on 8th floor
  • paranaque – 30 secs shaking
  • Makati City – none
  • Mandaluyong – I felt what I believe was an mild earthquake at 7:52 pm.
  • pasig city – No damage, pulsating earthquake
  • Paranaque – There was a strong wave at first, and then light ones after. It lasted for a few seconds.
  • Lipa City – Our sofa shook while we were watching T.V
  • Puerto Galera – I’m not noticing any damage here in Sabang , but i’m not sure , power is on and life is going on
  • Tagaytay – No other reports yet? Just before 8.00 pm here
  • Pampanga City – i was washing some dishes then i felt that i moved backwards and felt dizzy and heard our chandelier shakes.
  • quezon city – Lasted for about 30 seconds. we are at the 9th flr
  • Manila – I was outside then i suddenly felt dizzy.
  • Parañaque – computer tables shaking
  • Taguig – Suddenly felt dizzy around 8:04pm. Lasted for about 1min.
  • Makati – I thought i was dizzy because i was in front of my laptop but all of us felt it in our house!!!
  • makati city – I felt it while sitting
  • Paranaque city – Felt very weak to weak shaking at Philippines time 19:52
  • Biñan city – Felt it through my chair since I was leaning down, I thought one of our cats was playing near my chair.
  • Mendez – ..it lasted for few seconds but it worried me that our glasswares in our cabinet would fall & break..
  • Bacoor – got dizzy
  • Makati – Building moved for about 7 or 8 seconds. Looked outside and it seemed like no one noticed
  • Quezon City – 10 seconds of shaking
  • eton centris q.ave – 06/25/14 7:54pm everyone in the 6th floor felt it, lasted bout 3 secs. it’s kinda dizzy.
  • Bulacan – thought i just felt dizzy, but its real earthquake
  • Imus City, Cavite – I was dizzy and my chair was moving.
  • Quezon City – Felt my chair move and everyone stopped their work to see if it gets any worse. If it does, we will have to get out of the building.
  • Cubao Quezon City – everything is in normal operation.
  • Taguig – Slight shaking while on bed, staying on the fourth floor Experienced for 5-10 seconds only
  • Malolos – Step outside because of shaking.
  • Tanza, Cavite – At first I thought I was dizzy. It shook me on my chair.
  • mckinley taguig city – we thought that someone was jumping on the floor near our desk but no one is and then swaying comes in and we felt dizzy..
  • Fort Bonifacio – it lasted about 20-30 seconds
  • Cainta, Rizal – Thought that my body just jerked but it was an earthquake!
  • Makati – We all felt dizzy!
  • Pasig – light shaking for few seconds.
  • Pampanga – I thought i was just dizzy while lying in bed, other people in the house didn’t notice the shaking.
  • Malate, Manila – sitting on the floor and heard a creak outside, then the room started swaying. Lasted for around 6-7 seconds? nothing damaged, but got kinda freaked out since im alone
  • Cavite – hanging ornaments shaking, dogs howling, bed shaking, chandelier swinging
  • Las Piñas City – No property damage reported. I was just sitting browsing the internet with my desktop when it happened.
  • Las Pinas – Felt 3 to 5 secs shaking while I was lying down, kinda dizzy.
  • Pasig City – I was frightened because we are on the 33rd floor. Thank God just got dizzy.
  • Quezon City – I just thought it was the MRTpassing by, until I realize that it was an earthquake
EMSC Mindoro, Philippines Jun 25 11:52 5.4 80 MAP I Felt It
  • Forth Bonifacio – At exactly 7:55 PM the earthquake striked and it lasted for roughly 2-3 minutes
  • Manila – 10 secs of shaking
  • Makati – i Felt It Makati Area
  • Makati City – The office building I was in at that time was shaking pronouncedly.
  • Batangas – it’s not good
  • Makati City – I was sitting on our dinning chair while reading my emails when I suddenly felt tremors. I thought something passed through the legs of the chair causing tha chair to shake. I looked for my dog, thinking that she could have bumped the legs of the chair. She was was walking towards me from under the table. A tremor happened the second time. I thought it maybe caused by big trucks passing by since I live in a building near the highway. But it was so strong for vehicles to have caused it. I stood
  • Paranaque city – I felt from very weak to weak shaking at 19:52 25th June 2014 here in Parañaque city.
  • Marinduque – I felt it!
  • Quezon City – We are at the 15th floor, and I thought the shake was caused by my colleague bumped the table but nope, until I felt dizzy and really the office table are immovable but shaking!
  • San pascual, batangas – The earthquake was too shaky. I was very shocked because it is really quivering….
  • San Pedro Laguna – I was inside the lecture hall discussing. Good thing i was sitting down but still i felt it. Chairs shook for a matter of 3secs… felt dizzy for 2minutes..
  • San Fernando Pampanga – It was a strong start but the shaking lasted for about 30 seconds
  • Cavite – no property damage and it only took few second
  • sta.meza quezon city – Nakakahilo!
  • Cavite – furnitures e.g tables, tv set shaking for a good 10-15 seconds.
  • Tagaytay – We felt the earthquake as a sudden but brief (about 3-5 seconds) jolt. We were upstairs on the upper floor of our two-story house in Tagaytay (Cavite) when the earthquake struck. By the time we got out of the main door of our house it was over. The quake was first felt by our dogs as they started barking.
  • San Fernando, Pampanga – It was a strong start but became moderate but still shaking for about 30 seconds to a minute
  • Muntinlupa – Almost all of us felt the shaking here on the 4th floor of our office.
  • Taguig City – No damage reported
  • Calapan City – i was stunned, it came quite strong and seems to take a long time!!!
  • Manila – We’re on the 12th floor and it felt like someone shook your bed.
  • Tagaytay – I felt our dining table shaking while we were eating dinner. Our cupboard and table and floor shook for almost a minute
  • Imus – My ass was shaking during the earthquake.
  • Bataan – I was sitting on a chair when suddenly the chair shook…It was quite strong but lasted only maybe 30-40 seconds.
  • San Pablo City, Laguna – Lasted about 2 seconds. I was sitting on my chair with my laptop and saw my bed sway and felt my chair move slightly. My father in the living room sitting in a chair also and texting on his cell phone, did not feel it at all. We live on a small hill and my room is close to the edge of the hill.
  • Pasay CIty – 11th floor, swaying from side to side, moderate to strong, perfect time for earthquake drill lol, now I know where is that ineffective escape route lol, stairs with no lights on, I have to feel by hand going downstairs grrrrrr
  • Manila.. Adamson University – I was in Adamson University at that time and having my class.. My professor suddenly said: “jesus christ” when we all felt the earthquake. But i just smile during that time because its just a piece of cake! Its incomparable to the earthquakes that we sometimes experience in Tacloban specially last 2012. Hahaha
  • Bataan – I was sitting on a chair when suddenly I felt it shake sideways. It was quite strong but only lasted some 30-40 seconds.
  • Ortigas – No Damage seen
  • Taguig City – I was peeing in a urinal and I see a sin wave. Earthquake is when more than 1000 people experience vertigo at a given time.
  • Manila, – Shit!!!! I was fucking someone here in my room when we suddenly felt the quake… Its really a shit!!! I was in a highest point of my pleasure and about to cum at that time.. But this quake disturbed us.. My partner was so afraid.. So he suddenly stood up and shouted. He wore back his clothes. And went out of my condo immediately. Shit!!!! I didnt cum yet..
  • Boni, Mandaluyong – No damaged property, we just felt that it was shaking and some of us felt dizzy.
  • Quezon City – Felt it.
  • quezon city – felt the shake but tolerable
  • Pasay City – At the office, after a snap the workfloor started rocking, as if I was on a boat. I think it lasted about 15-20 seconds.
  • Antipolo – I didnt feel.. So thanks God..
  • Makati City – 26th floor in makati city. Suddenly felt dizzy for 15 seconds while watching tv on the bed. Couldnt explain it at first. My first earthquake experience. No property damage here.
  • Makati – We were sitting on the sofa on the 20th floor and I thought my boyfriend was rocking the sofa to be funny – turns out he wasn’t! Lasted around 10 seconds.
  • mAnsalay, mindoro oriental – not too long. thought somebody drag something on the floor of our bahay kubo
  • Quezon City – we experienced very weak shaking here on 27th floor an hour ago
  • Quezon City – I was sitting in our dining room and watching t.v when we felt the quake here at 24th floor of the building… it was so fast though.
  • Pasay City – Earthquake is in moderate shaking, slow in movement but I think that is too long already with after slow shaking, may magnitude 4.5 to 6.0. We are in at the 5th Floor of Star Cruises Building at that time. Between 6 to 7 pm. – June 25, 2014
  • Mandaluyong – Swaying from side to side for a good 1 minute.
  • Taguig – Traumatic, because you don’t know when it will last.
  • San Juan – I thought someone just jumpet on our roof but then my brother said “ate lumilindol”
  • Makati City – suddenly felt dizzy and saw the ceiling fan swaying a bit. Nothing was damaged.
  • Cubao. Accenture 4th Floor – Light Shaking. Still Manageable. Pray and be save.
  • Dasmarinas City – At first I wasn’t sure it was an earthquake though, but when I asked others they told me they felt it too.
  • Binan, Laguna – It was short but I felt my desk and chair shaking,
  • Manila – 2 big shakes 3 seconds each. Followed by small shakes lasted for 10 secs.
  • Navotas City – I was on my bed using my laptop computer. I thought I was only feeling dizzy before realizing it was an earthquake.
  • Makati – I was on 16F of our office building, no damaages but we all felt the shaking
  • Makati, Manila – The shaking continued for more than a minute, with very wave like cadence
  • Paranaque – About 5sec shake
  • Makati – short, mild shake on my office chair. thought my officemate was shaking the chair to get attention
  • Muntinlupa – no damage
  • Makati – Mild shaking just before 8pm
  • Binan – No damage caused, just shaking. I was asleep and it woke me up, very disorienting.
  • Silang Cavite – My girl friend felt dizzy while in the kitchen stumbled and called me after. I didnt feel much thought it was the 3D effects from the Movie l was watching
  • Batangas – I was inside the theather. I can fell it. The railing/ steel is was shaking. I can fell the floor shaking…
  • SM, Calamba City – No damage after watching TRANSFORMERS… Went home safe
  • Arayat – chaise de bureau sur roulettes déplacée, pendule en mouvement durant 15 à 20 secondes, vertge, chiens un peu effrayés.
  • Arayat – chaise de bureau sur roulettes déplacée, pendule en mouvement durant 15 à 20 secondes, vertge, chiens un peu effrayés.
  • Arayat – chaise de bureau sur roulettes déplacée, pendule en mouvement durant 15 à 20 secondes, vertge, chiens un peu effrayés.
  • Sta. Rosa City, Laguna – 4-storey building (i was in the 3rd floor) shook for about 3 seconds
  • Pasig City – i can’t imagine it already an earthquake until i focus observing the mirror in the wall swinging.
  • Makati – Still in the office and I thought I was just dizzy so I shake my head and look up and saw the light on my woking table is also shaking
  • Malolos – 6/25/2014 before 8 pm About 20/30 sec. Kitchen utensils swaying. Glasses fell off table. No aftershocks.
  • Makati City – I was in my apartment and felt a gentle swaying of the building for about 10 seconds. No damage.
  • Condo Unit – Sudden shaking
  • Kebumen – Felt earthquake here at 05.45 West Indonesia Time.
  • Binan Laguna – sabi ko na nga ba lindol un eh . kalako nahilo lang ako , mga 3-5sec din yun
  • Brgy Don Jose, Santa Rosa, Laguna – Moderate to light shaking for a few seconds, no damage
  • Makati – Felt swaying, things started to shake on 25th floor of hotel in Makati
  • Manila – I was standing in my room at 10th floor when sudenly the room begun to shake for 7/8 seconds… also my girlfiend in the other room was scared….
  • Siaton – I was asleep after the class. at around 6:00 in the evening i was awake because my bed did shake a little bit.
  • Quezon City – I am not really sure if it was shaking. I was trying to sleep last night and when I felt the cushion of my bed shaking slightly. I jumped out of my bed and tried to feel the shaking, but there was nothing, then i lied again, still i felt some slight shaking. It was 1 or 2 in the midnight. Then this morning i woke up and searched on the net to see if there are records of quakes that happened last night. But saw none. So i am writing this to you, if you could try to look up to it. Thanks.
  • San Pedro Laguba – Fixed room lamps and sofa chairs are shaking
GEOFON Mindoro, Philippines Jun 25 11:52 5.4 71 MAP I Felt It INFO
  • Santa Rosa City – no damage, clock was swinging, dogs were like wtf was that
  • Tagaytay – Quite strong. Possibly above 6 on the scale
  • The Fort Taguig – its a different quake – its like an up and down shake and its kinda strong
  • Manila – I felt it
  • Quezon City – I’m in the office (11th flr) the shake was very obvious and everyone in the office reacted. the shake was felt on the other cities in metro manila as well (based on facebook and twitter posts.) No one was hurt though, not a kind of earthquake that will make you duck under your table.
  • Taguig City – First shook up-and-down, then switched to sideways.
  • Calamba City – Just felt some unusual vibration, only found out that it was in fact an earthquake after seeing facebook posts
  • Muntinlupa – Felt it!
  • Makati – 32 floors building was Swaying

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MMI II (Very weak shaking) ?

People :
Felt by persons at rest, on upper floors or favorably placed.
MMI III (Weak shaking) ?

People :
Felt indoors; hanging objects may swing, vibration similar to passing of light trucks, duration may be estimated, may not be recognized as an earthquake.
MMI IV (Light shaking) ?

People :
Generally noticed indoors but not outside. Light sleepers may be awakened. Vibration may be likened to the passing of heavy traffic, or to the jolt of a heavy object falling or striking the building.
Fittings :
Doors and windows rattle. Glassware and crockery rattle. Liquids in open vessels may be slightly disturbed. Standing motorcars may rock.
Structures :
Walls and frames of buildings, and partitions and suspended ceilings in commercial buildings, may be heard to creak.
MMI V (Moderate shaking) ?

People :
Generally felt outside, and by almost everyone indoors. Most sleepers awakened. A few people alarmed.
Fittings :
Small unstable objects are displaced or upset. Some glassware and crockery may be broken. Hanging pictures knock against the wall. Open doors may swing. Cupboard doors secured by magnetic catches may open. Pendulum clocks stop, start, or change rate.
Structures :
Some large display windows cracked. A few earthenware toilet fixtures cracked.
MMI VI (Strong shaking) ?

People Felt by all. People and animals alarmed. Many run outside. Difficulty experienced in walking steadily.
Fittings :
Objects fall from shelves. Pictures fall from walls. Some furniture moved on smooth floors, some unsecured free-standing fireplaces moved. Glassware and crockery broken. Very unstable furniture overturned. Small church and school bells ring. Appliances move on bench or table tops. Filing cabinets or “easy glide” drawers may open (or shut).
Structures :
Slight damage to buildings with low standard. Some stucco or cement plaster falls. Large display windows broken. Damage to a few weak domestic chimneys, some may fall.
Environment :
Trees and bushes shake, or are heard to rustle. Loose material may be dislodged from sloping ground, e.g. existing slides, talus slopes, shingle slides.
MMI VII (Very strong shaking) ?

People
General alarm. Difficulty experienced in standing. Noticed by motorcar drivers who may stop.
Fittings :
Large bells ring. Furniture moves on smooth floors, may move on carpeted floors. Substantial damage to fragile contents of buildings.
Structures :
Unreinforced stone and brick walls cracked. Low standard buildings cracked with some minor masonry falls. A few instances of damage to buildings of ordinary workmanship. Unbraced parapets, unbraced brick gables, and architectural ornaments fall. Roofing tiles, especially ridge tiles may be dislodged. Many unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, often falling from roof-line. Water tanks Type I burst. A few instances of damage to brick veneers and plaster or cement-based linings. Unrestrained water cylinders (hot-water cylinders) may move and leak. Some common windows cracked. Suspended ceilings damaged.
Environment :
Water made turbid by stirred up mud. Small slides such as falls of sand and gravel banks, and small rock-falls from steep slopes and cuttings. Instances of settlement of unconsolidated or wet, or weak soils. Some fine cracks appear in sloping ground. A few instances of liquefaction (i.e. small water and sand ejections).
MMI VIII (Severe shaking) ?

People Alarm may approach panic. Steering of motorcars greatly affected. Structures : Low standard buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. ordinary workmanship buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged in some cases. A few instances of damage to buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes. Monuments and pre-1976 elevated tanks and factory stacks twisted or brought down. Some pre-1965 infill masonry panels damaged. A few post-1980 brick veneers damaged. Decayed timber piles of houses damaged. Houses not secured to foundations may move. Most unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, some below roof-line, many brought down. Environment : Cracks appear on steep slopes and in wet ground. Small to moderate slides in roadside cuttings and unsupported excavations. Small water and sand ejections and localized lateral spreading adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.
MMI IX (Violent shaking) ?

Structures Many low standard buildings destroyed. Ordinary workmanship buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes damaged in some cases, some with flexible frames seriously damaged. Damage or permanent distortion to some buildings and bridges, designed and built to normal use standards. Houses not secured to foundations shifted off. Brick veneers fall and expose frames. Environment : Cracking of ground conspicuous. Landsliding general on steep slopes. Liquefaction effects intensified and more widespread, with large lateral spreading and flow sliding adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.
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Canada Enhances Focus in Global Fight Against Poverty

Canada making international assistance more effective and accountable

June 27, 2014 – Ottawa, ON – Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada

Today, the Honourable Christian Paradis, Minister of International Development and La Francophonie, announced that Canada is reinforcing its commitment to eradicating global poverty by focusing 90 percent of its bilateral programming in 25 development countries of focus.

“With the launch of the Aid Effectiveness Agenda in 2009, our government made Canada’s international assistance more focused, more effective and more accountable,” said Minister Paradis. “Through this approach Canada has delivered concrete results for those in need around the world. Canada is continuing down this successful path, enhancing our focus, and strengthening our commitment to accountability and results. Canadians can be proud to be making a difference and saving lives.”

To further increase transparency and accountability for results, Canada will also establish mutual accountability frameworks with partner countries. These frameworks will: establish mutual expectations; stress the importance of Canadian principles and values; establish greater transparency and predictability in how investments are spent; and set clear targets for the results Canada and its partners want to achieve.

“An unwavering commitment to accountability underpins all of Canada’s development programming,” added Minister Paradis. “Our government is committed to delivering real and accountable results to those in need, and transparency for Canadian taxpayers. Canada is already ranked among the most transparent donors in the world. Mutual Accountability Agreements will not only increase predictability for our implementing partners, but also set clear targets for both Canada and partner countries.”

In addition, Minister Paradis confirmed that Canada will maintain a number of smaller bilateral programs in countries known as development partners. He also reaffirmed that Canada will continue to provide humanitarian assistance on an as-needed basis—not limited to the list of development countries of focus, but guided by the humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and political independence.

Quick Facts

  • As part of its Aid Effectiveness Agenda, Canada announced in 2009 that it would focus 80 percent of bilateral resources in 20 development countries of focus.
  • These countries were chosen based on their real needs, their capacity to benefit from aid, and their alignment with Canadian foreign policy priorities.
  • In 2009, Canada undertook to review the development countries of focus every five years to ensure countries of focus reflect evolving Canadian priorities and changing country circumstances.  
  • This year, new countries added to the list of development countries of focus include the Philippines, Burma, Mongolia, Burkina Faso, Benin, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Jordan.

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Contacts

Sandrine Périon
Press Secretary
Office of the Minister of International Development and La Francophonie 
343 203 6238
sandrine.perion@international.gc.ca

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Speech: Thriving in a global economy

European Commission

[Check Against Delivery]

Karel De Gucht

European Commissioner for Trade

Thriving in a global economy

Launch: “Spirits: A European Power House for Trade”

Brussels, 25 June 2014

Ladies and gentlemen,

The international success of the European spirits industry is based on tradition.

Consumers around the world look to European products because of our strong sense of the past. Time itself is a key ingredient in many of them.

But for all the importance of heritage, your industry is also an excellent example of how European companies can prosper today and adapt for the future; and in doing so create jobs and business opportunities for the people of the European Union.

The report we are launching today shows the lessons you can teach others about how to thrive in a global economy.

First, your target market is the world. We all know the advantages that come with the European Single Market. Having such a home is invaluable for any company. But it’s not enough.

Over the next twenty years 90% of the world’s growth is going to happen outside of the European Union’s borders.

So the more European companies are ready to meet that demand, the better off will be the 500 million citizens of the European Union.

Second, the report shows how you can compete on quality – and indeed how quality is becoming ever more important to your export success.

That shows us that European companies cannot rest on their laurels. A tradition only has value if it continues to produce high quality results. If not, it’s just a tourist attraction.

Producing high-value added goods is essential for a developed economy like ours – because high-value goods – incorporating skill and experience – allow for well-paying jobs for people with those skills and that experience. This is relevant across the board for the European economy.

Finally, the report shows the importance of intellectual property. We have to protect both your individual company trademarks and the more than 300 geographical indications linked to spirits – not just Scotch and Irish whiskies or Cognac but also Polish vodka, Orujo de Galicia and many others.

Why? Because intellectual property is how we monetise quality. It’s essential for the model of a European economy that specialises in the high value tasks of global value chains.

So the model of your industry is encouraging. It can show the way for others who are struggling to find their place.

And that is how Europe will gradually adapt to this changed world – company by company – understanding and preparing for the future.

But there is, I believe, an important role for government in all of this.

I see the role of government – and of the European Union’s trade policy in particular – as facilitating the connections that bring prosperity back to Europe.

That means making sure Europe has an open economy, so that companies that are part of global value chains can gain access to the best quality goods and services from around the world, at the best prices.

Even for an industry such as yours, for whom local production and local ingredients are so important, access to internationally traded goods and services does play a role, whether those are capital goods, transport, logistics or finance.

This access is essential for Europe’s broader competitiveness.

But as your report highlights, in an economy like ours it’s not just political decisions made in Europe that count.

Governments around the world make decisions that affect your ability to do business every day – like levying a discriminatory excise duty or using unfair methods to value goods at the border. And by getting in the way of your exports, they undermine your ability to bring growth back home to Europe.

The underlying goal of the European Union’s trade policy is to make sure that those decisions are made in a fair and balanced way.

How should we do it?

Our first priority must remain the World Trade Organisation.

The multilateral system has been through a difficult decade, and the issues at the core of the Doha Round are still not resolved.

But a system that allows us to deal with so many partners at the same time – that establishes uniform rules for almost the entire world economy and that is backed up by the world’s best international dispute settlement system must be preserved and expanded.

Last December in Bali, WTO Members showed they understand this. The deal on trade facilitation reached there will directly benefit the spirits industry – simplifying customs and border procedures across the world.

We now need to make sure that deal is implemented, and get to work on what remains to be done.

The second major task for EU trade policy is to complete our unprecedented agenda of bilateral free trade agreements.

The virtue of these negotiations is two-fold. On the one hand, they allow us to move ahead with opening markets with those countries who are willing, rather than be held back by those who are more reluctant.

This has allowed us to put in place deals with Korea, Columbia, Peru and Latin America. It is what has brought us close to achieving final deals with Canada and Singapore. And it is why we are engaged in major initiatives with the United States, Japan, India, Mercosur and several ASEAN countries.

The second reason free trade agreements are important is because they allow us to go deeper, tackling more of the issues that affect businesses.

Of course that includes India’s 150% tariff on spirits. But it also allows us to promote the enforcement of intellectual property rights in Latin America and tackle discriminatory technical labelling regulations all around the world.

The final pillar of our work is enforcement. And it is necessary because negotiations have no value if the agreements reached are not put into practice.

As your report highlights, our case against the Philippines’ discriminatory excise duties is one example of how the WTO’s dispute settlement system can be very effective. We are committed to using that system whenever it is necessary – just as we are committed to using our trade defence measures when those are required.

These legal tools are complemented by our Market Access Strategy, which uses all channels of trade diplomacy to help us focus governments’ minds on problems that need to be solved. This approach has allowed us to resolve issues around distribution in Vietnam and push for progress where difficulties have arisen in China and Russia.

Ladies and gentlemen,

All in all this is a comprehensive strategy to make sure Europe is well placed for another century of prosperity as the world changes around us.

We will be able to put this strategy into practice for as long as the European people understand that our economy as a whole benefits from being part of an open global system.

Most people do see that the rise of vast new economic powerhouses is also the rise of vast new markets for European goods and services.

But many of them also see that globalisation presents challenges for Europe, most of all the need to adapt to rapid changes and deal with new competitors.

As the European elections have confirmed, some – a minority but a significant one – wish to react to these challenges by shutting our doors. I do not believe that would be anything other than a disaster for the European Union. And I’m confident you agree with me.

That means it is very important that people understand how open markets help industries such as yours to be successful.

People need to know that shoppers in China and the United States are buying high-quality goods from all across Europe. And they need to know what that means for their local economies.

It is certainly the role of politicians to tell that story. I do it wherever I go.

But you as companies have the specific examples of how international trade helps real people at home.

And now more than ever, it’s essential for that story to be heard.

Thank you very much for your attention.

U.S.-China Relations

Introduction

Chairman Menendez, Ranking Member Corker, Members of the Committee, thank you for the opportunity to testify today on U.S.-China relations. It is also a great honor to be participating in today’s hearing with one of our nation’s most accomplished diplomats, Ambassador Stapleton Roy – a friend, former colleague, and one of the foremost experts on U.S.-China relations. Ambassador Roy’s contributions to the U.S.-China relationship have been invaluable, and I look forward to hearing his insights.

I would also like to take this opportunity to thank you, Mr. Chairman, for your leadership and to acknowledge this Committee’s contributions to the rich bipartisan tradition of engaging China. I have found it extremely valuable to work closely with the Committee’s Members, and in particular with the Asia Sub-committee, in advancing U.S. interests vis-à-vis China and the Asia-Pacific region as a whole.

Overall Bilateral Relations

This year marks the 35th anniversary of the establishment of official diplomatic relations between the United States and China. We have made remarkable progress since the era of back-channel messaging and secret trips. The scope of today’s U.S.-China relationship was unimaginable when President Nixon made his historic visit in 1972 to China.

Yet there is still enormous potential for progress in the U.S.-China relationship. Progress that will yield benefits to the citizens of both countries, our neighbors, and the world. To realize this progress and these benefits, we seek to ensure that the relationship is not defined by strategic rivalry, but by fair and healthy competition, by practical cooperation on priority issues, and by constructive management of our differences and disagreements. Where interests overlap, we will seek to expand cooperation with China. These areas include economic prosperity, a denuclearized Korean Peninsula, peaceful resolution of the Iranian nuclear issue, and a reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases. Where they diverge – and we have significant and well-known areas of disagreement – we will work to ensure that our differences are constructively managed.

Mr. Chairman, there are those who argue that cold war-like rivalry is inevitable and that the United States and China are condemned to a zero-sum struggle for supremacy, if not conflict. I reject such mechanistic thinking. As anyone who has served in government can tell you, this deterministic analysis overlooks the role of leaders who have the ability to set policy and to shape relationships. It gives short shrift to the fact that our two economies are becoming increasingly intertwined, which increases each side’s stake in the success of the other. It undervalues the fact that leaders in Washington and Beijing are fully cognizant of the risk of unintended strategic rivalry between an emerging power and an established power and have agreed to take deliberate actions to prevent such an outcome. And it ignores the reality of the past 35 years – that, in spite of our differences, U.S.-China relations have steadily grown deeper and stronger – and in doing so, we have built a very resilient relationship.

We view China’s economic growth as complementary to the region’s prosperity, and China’s expanded role in the region can be complementary to the sustained U.S. strategic engagement in the Asia-Pacific. We and our partners in the region want China’s rise to contribute to the stability and continued development of the region. As President Obama and Secretary Kerry have made very clear, we do not seek to contain China; to the contrary, we welcome the emergence of a stable, peaceful, and prosperous China. We believe all countries, and particularly emerging powers like China, should recognize the self-benefit of upholding basic rules and norms on which the international system is built; these are rules and norms which China has participated in formulating and shaping, and they are rules and norms that it continues to benefit from. In this context, we are encouraging China to exercise restraint in dealing with its neighbors and show respect for universal values and international law both at home and abroad.

A key element of our approach to the Asia-Pacific region, often called the rebalance, is strengthening America’s alliances and partnerships in the region. This contributes directly to the stable security environment that has underpinned the region’s – and China’s – dramatic economic growth and development.

A second element is working to build up regional institutions in order to uphold the international rules-based system and create platforms for the countries and leaders to work on priority strategic, economic, and other issues. These institutions help develop habits of cooperation and promote respect for the interests of all parties.

A third key element has been expanding and deepening our relationships with important emerging countries such as China, including through regular and high-level dialogue.

In just two weeks, our countries will hold the sixth round of the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue – the “S&ED” – in Beijing. This annual dialogue is unique in its level and scope. It is led on the U.S. side by Secretaries Kerry and Lew and brings a number of Cabinet-level and other senior U.S. government officials together with their Chinese counterparts to work on the major issues facing us. The breadth of the agenda in the two tracks – strategic and economic – reflects the breadth of modern U.S.-China relations. The S&ED is an important vehicle for making progress in the pursuit of a cooperative and constructive relationship; for building a “new model” that disproves the thesis that the United States and China are somehow destined for strategic rivalry and confrontation.

The S&ED is an important forum for the United States and China to take stock of and set goals for the bilateral relationship, to review regional and international developments and explain our respective policies, to coordinate and seek practical areas of cooperation on important issues of mutual interest, and to constructively manage areas of difference through candid, high-level discussions.

Let me preview of some of the topics for upcoming discussions at this year’s S&ED:

  • We will exchange views and explore prospects for progress on regional challenges, including Sudan, Afghanistan, Iran, North Korea, Ukraine, Iraq, and maritime disputes in the South and East China Seas;
  • The world’s two largest economies will work on strengthening the global economic recovery;
  • The world’s two biggest energy consumers and carbon emitters will work on combating climate change, and expand cooperation on clean energy;
  • We will discuss global challenges ranging from cyber security to counterterrorism to wildlife trafficking, and the United States will raise our concerns over human rights;
  • Secretary Kerry will co-chair the annual U.S.-China High-Level Consultation on People-to-People Exchange, which supports exchange programs that build the foundation for mutual understanding and trust;
  • And Deputy Secretary of State Bill Burns and his Chinese counterpart will hold the U.S.-China Strategic Security Dialogue (SSD), our highest-ranking joint civilian-military exchange with China, where we will conduct frank discussions on some of the most sensitive strategic issues in the relationship.

The S&ED and our numerous other dialogues and official exchanges with the Chinese each year reflect the importance we attach to managing this relationship. This level and pace of engagement show the commitment of both sides to producing tangible benefits for our two peoples, the Asia-Pacific region, and the global community.

The United States and China have a vital stake in each other’s success. That is why we maintain an intensive schedule of engagement; President Obama and President Xi met in Sunnylands, California, a year ago and have met twice more since then. The President plans to visit Beijing in November when China hosts APEC. Secretary Kerry, as well as numerous Cabinet and sub-Cabinet officials, have visited China already in 2014 and have met with Chinese counterparts in the United States or at international fora.

We work with China in virtually all important international arenas, including the UN, the G20, the East Asia Summit, and APEC where we are cooperating closely on regulatory transparency, supply chain efficiencies, promoting clean and renewable energy, cross-border education, and combatting corruption and bribery. Our relationship touches on nearly every regional and global issue, and, as such, requires sustained, high-level attention. Moreover, few of these issues can be effectively addressed if China and the United States do not cooperate.

Economic Relations

Economic issues play a central role in the U.S.-China relationship. China’s economic success has added to our growth and increased the purchasing power of consumers in the United States. Our two-way trade has almost quadrupled since China joined the WTO in late 2001. While the long-standing imbalance in that trade remains troubling, China is now one of the fastest growing U.S. export markets. In fact, U.S. exports to China grew by more than 90 percent between 2007 and 2013. In our bilateral engagements, we are encouraging economic reforms within China to ensure not only that its economic behavior is sustainable on its own terms, but that it contributes to strong, sustainable and balanced growth of the global economy. This includes re-orienting its economy away from a development model reliant on exports and credit-fueled investment in real estate and infrastructure to one that increases consumer spending and contributes to global demand. Central to this goal has been urging China to move toward a market-determined exchange rate. We are also addressing sources of friction in our bilateral relationship by pressing China to change a range of discriminatory policies and practices that harm U.S. companies and workers and that undermine incentives to innovate. These include subsidies that tilt the competitive playing field in favor of Chinese national champions, policies that pressure companies to hand over intellectual property as a condition for access to the Chinese market, and export credits that unfairly advantage Chinese companies in third markets. U.S. businesses have investments totaling over $50 billion. And from 2012 to 2013, Chinese direct investment flows into the United States more than doubled, according to private sector figures, and now contribute to thousands of jobs here. Our ongoing bilateral investment treaty negotiations hold the potential for even more mutually beneficial economic ties.

Even as we increase trade and investment, we will continue insisting on tangible progress in other economic areas that matter to the United States. These include:

  • China continuing to move toward a market-determined exchange rate;
  • negotiating a Bilateral Investment Treaty;
  • increasing access to Chinese markets for U.S. businesses;
  • developing a more transparent regulatory regime;
  • ending industrial policies that favor state-owned enterprises and national champions and seek to disadvantage foreign companies and their products;
  • ending forced technology transfer; and
  • addressing U.S. concerns over the theft of intellectual property and trade secrets, including government-sponsored, cyber-enabled theft for the purpose of giving Chinese companies a competitive advantage.

We will also continue to encourage greater Chinese integration into the rules-based international economic and trading system, in order to create a level playing field

for domestic and foreign companies operating in its and other markets. Over the last few months, China’s leaders have announced plans for sweeping reforms that, if realized, could go a long way in moving China’s economy toward market principles. We are encouraged that these announced reforms would potentially give the market a greater role in the economy, and we are keenly interested to see such reforms put into practice. I believe we can do much to work with China as it transitions to a consumption-driven, market-oriented growth model that would benefit both our economies.

Military-to-Military Relations

On the military side of the U.S.-China relationship, we are committed to building a sustained and substantive military-to-military relationship that focuses on identifying concrete, practical areas of cooperation and reducing risk. This includes not only deepening the use of institutionalized dialogue mechanisms, including senior defense participation at the SSD and S&ED, but also inviting the Chinese to join regional cooperative exercises and expanding talks with the Chinese military about operational safety in the region. For the first time this year, China will participate in RIMPAC June 26-August 1 in Hawaii.

We also aim to continue high-level exchanges between our militaries. Recent exchanges have included visits to China by Secretary Hagel in April and General Odierno in February, and a visit to the United States by Chief of the General Staff General Fang Fenghui in May.

At the same time, we will continue to carefully monitor China’s military developments and encourage China to exhibit greater transparency with respect to its military spending and modernization. This will help countries better understand the motivations of the People’s Liberation Army. We continue to encourage China to use its military capabilities in a manner conducive to the maintenance of peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific region.

Global and Regional Issues

As the largest energy consumers, greenhouse gas emitters, and renewable energy producers, the United States and China share common interests, challenges and responsibilities. These are issues that relate directly to our economic and national security. Cooperation on climate change, energy, and environmental protection is more critical than ever and is an important area of focus in the U.S.-China bilateral relationship.

Through broad dialogues such as the Ten-Year Framework for Energy and Environment Cooperation and the S&ED, over the last year we have been able to produce new and expanded commitments to cooperation on climate change, energy, and the environment. During Secretary Kerry’s February trip to Beijing, he announced implementation plans for each of the five initiatives under the Climate Change Working Group as well as a new enhanced policy dialogue on domestic and international policies to address climate change that will be held on the margins of the upcoming S&ED.

China is a vital partner on some of the world’s most pressing proliferation challenges, including the DPRK and Iran. The United States and China agree on the importance and urgency of achieving a denuclearized, stable, and prosperous Korean Peninsula. While differences remain between us on some of the tactics, we coordinate closely and consult intensively on how to advance these shared goals. The result has been a tightened web of sanctions targeting North Korea’s nuclear, ballistic missile, and proliferation efforts. China has also strengthened its own sanctions enforcement, which we welcome, though it could do more to prevent North Korea from engaging in proliferation activities. Indeed, North Korea remains in flagrant violation of the UN Security Council resolutions that the United States and China approved and support. So we are urging China to make greater use of its unique leverage with the DPRK to produce concrete signs that the DPRK leader has come to the realization that his only viable path forward is denuclearization.

On Iran, the United States and China share the goal of preventing Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon and are working together within the P5+1 negotiations with Iran toward that goal. Through our frequent and high-level engagement, we will continue to press China to honor its commitments, in particular those related to its imports of Iranian oil and enforcement of UN sanctions, in furtherance of reaching a comprehensive and long-term solution to the Iran nuclear issue.

Managing Differences

In the Asia-Pacific region, Beijing’s neighbors are understandably alarmed by China’s increasingly coercive efforts to assert and enforce its claims in the South China and East China Seas. A pattern of unilateral Chinese actions in sensitive and disputed areas is raising tensions and damaging China’s international standing. Moreover, some of China’s actions are directed at U.S. treaty allies. The United States has important interests at stake in these seas: freedom of navigation and overflight, unimpeded lawful commerce, respect for international law, and the peaceful management of disputes. We apply the same principles to the behavior of all claimants involved, not only to China. China – as a strong and rising power – should hold itself to a high standard of behavior; to willfully disregard diplomatic and other peaceful ways of dealing with disagreements and disputes in favor of economic or physical coercion is destabilizing and dangerous.

The United States does not take sides on the sovereignty questions underlying the territorial disputes in the South and East China Seas, but we have an interest in the behavior of states in their management or resolution of these disputes. We want countries, including China, to manage or settle claims through peaceful, diplomatic means. For example, the Philippines and Indonesia have just done so in connection with their EEZ boundary. Disputes can also be addressed through third-party dispute resolution processes. Where parties’ rights under treaties may be affected, some treaties provide for third-party dispute settlement, as is the case of the Law of the Sea Convention, an avenue pursued by the Philippines in an arbitration with China currently being considered by an Arbitral Tribunal constituted under that treaty. The United States and the international community oppose the use or the threat of force to try to advance a claim, and view such actions as having no effect in strengthening the legitimacy of China’s claims. These issues should be decided on the basis of the merits of China’s and other claimants’ legal claims and adherence to international law and norms, not the strength of their militaries and law enforcement ships or the size of their economies.

Another area where we believe China’s actions run counter to important universal principles is the worsening human rights situation in China. Just this month, China conducted a harsh crackdown on commemorations of the 25th anniversary of Tiananmen Square. China’s actions included the detention, harassment and arrests of journalists, lawyers, and activists. Top U.S. officials raise our concerns with Chinese leaders on a regular basis, and, as we have in every previous round, Secretary Kerry plans to raise human rights at this year’s S&ED. We express concern about the Chinese government’s censorship of the media and Internet. We push for the release of all political prisoners, including but not limited to prominent figures like Liu Xiaobo. We urge China to address the policies in Tibetan areas that threaten the distinct religious, cultural, and linguistic identity of the Tibetan people. Instability and violence are on the increase in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region. As we unequivocally condemn the acts of terrorism and violence, we also urge China to take steps to reduce tensions and reform counterproductive policies that stoke discontent and restrict peaceful expression and religious freedom.

Conclusion

Clearly, a wide-ranging and complex relationship such as ours with China comes with challenges. Some degree of friction is inevitable. But an essential tool for managing and resolving differences is open and extensive communications between our two countries – at senior and working levels of government, military to military, through local governments and organizations, between our business communities, and at the grassroots level.

We are now reflecting on the considerable progress attained in 35 years of bilateral relations. One key lesson is that to ensure that our relationship grows and matures, we need to build up the links among our two peoples. People-to-people exchanges are essential to enhancing mutual understanding and furthering U.S. strategic and economic goals. To that end, the United States in 2013 received 1.8 million Chinese visitors who collectively spent $9.8 billion on goods and services in our economy. Our State Department personnel work hard to facilitate growing Chinese demand for international travel by maintaining average visa wait-times under five days over the past two years.

Education also plays an important role fostering mutual understanding. In 2013, we had 235,000 students from China studying in the United States, more than from any other country, and the United States aspires to increase the number of American students studying in China and learning Mandarin through the 100,000 Strong Initiative. In March, PRC First Lady Peng Liyuan welcomed First Lady Michelle Obama to China where together they met with U.S. and Chinese students and faculty and promoted the value of study abroad and educational exchange.

We are also working with groups like the Sister Cities International and the U.S.-China Governors Forum. These programs help by encouraging and supporting cities and states to deepen their cultural or commercial ties with Chinese counterparts. In the last year alone, we have supported numerous visits of governors and state delegations and helped them to find opportunities to deepen their involvement and links to China.

The Department works closely with the United States Chamber of Commerce, AmCham China, the U.S.-China Business Council, and other business groups to support key priorities for U.S. companies doing business in China and to promote – greater Chinese investment in the United States. In partnership and consultation with those organizations, we have encouraged the Chinese government to eliminate investment restrictions, strengthen IPR protection, increase regulatory transparency, and establish a level playing field for all companies in China.

In conclusion, let me paraphrase what President Obama said earlier this year when he met with Chinese President Xi at the Nuclear Security Summit in The Hague. The U.S.-China relationship has made great strides over these past several decades, and both sides are committed to building a new model of relations between our countries defined by expanded cooperation and constructive management of differences.

Mr. Chairman, I thank you for the opportunity to appear before you today to discuss U.S.-China relations. I look forward to answering any questions you and others from the Committee may have.

Top of the Morning: Global Aid for Disaster Relief Reaches Record High

International Aid for Disaster Relief is Soaring…The USA and UK topped the list of international donors. ”Global spending on humanitarian relief soared to a record $22bn…last year as conflicts in Central African Republic, South Sudan and Syria combined with natural disasters such as typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, drove donors to pay out more emergency aid than ever before.Donations from governments reached $16.4bn (£9.63bn) last year, a 24% rise from 2012 figures, says research group Development Initiatives” (Guardian http://bit.ly/1iuLxc5)  The Chart (click through for interactive version)

Yet Another Mass Kidnapping by Boko Haram…The group is very much on the ascendent. “Kummabza resident Aji Khalil said Tuesday the abductions took place over several days last weekend in an attack during which four villagers were killed. Khalil is a member of one of the vigilante groups that have had some success in repelling Boko Haram attacks with primitive weapons. Khalil said suspected Boko Haram militants took about 60 married women and girls, some as young as 3, and 31 boys from the villages of Kummabza, Yaga and Dagu, all in Borno state, as reported by local Nigerian media. “Four villagers who tried to escape were shot dead on the spot,” Khalil said. (VOA http://bit.ly/1iuLhtE)

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Africa

The United States welcomed the release from a Sudanese jail of a Christian woman sentenced to death by hanging for apostasy after refusing to revert to Islam under Sudan’s Sharia Law. (VOA http://bit.ly/UF64iY) …and she was rearrested hours later. (Reuters http://bit.ly/VkT56W)

The tit-for-tat attacks against rival religious groups in Central African Republic threaten to create the conditions for a genocide reminiscent of Bosnia in the 1990s and requires swift efforts by the government and the international community to stop the violence, said a new report by the International Federation for Human Rights. (AP http://yhoo.it/TrIKEB)

Rebels have boycotted a new round of peace talks to end South Sudan’s conflict because of a dispute about who should attend, those involved in the protracted negotiations said. (Reuters http://bit.ly/UF4P3i)

Cameroon’s military has arrested 40 suspected Boko Haram militants in the north of the country. (VOA http://bit.ly/TrFKrN)

In West Kordofan state, an estimated 67,000 displaced people and approximately 33,000 refugees from South Sudan are in urgent need of humanitarian aid according the Government’s Humanitarian Aid Commission and humanitarian actors. (OCHA http://bit.ly/TrG2iy)

The IMF warned that Zimbabwe’s economy remains fragile with a “precarious” level of external debt that needs to be addressed. (AP http://yhoo.it/UF8zls)

The United States said it was boosting its humanitarian aid to the Central African Republic to $118 million in fiscal 2014. (AP http://yhoo.it/UF9NgA)

Representatives of some of Ethiopia’s biggest aid donors have announced that they will send a team to the southwest of the country to investigate persistent reports of human rights abuses amongst the tribes living there.  http://bit.ly/UFaOVR

A government-approved programme to give micro-loans and training to young people in rural areas is helping to stem the influx of migrants to Zimbabwe’s urban centres. (IRIN http://bit.ly/TrJ1HK)

MENA

The United Nations estimates that over 2,000 people have been killed in the renewed Iraq violence. (UN News Center http://bit.ly/1jM0WiL)

Shi’ite residents describe a massacre in northern Iraq. (WaPo http://wapo.st/1jM0LUQ)

Asia

About 50,000 Pakistanis have crossed into eastern Afghanistan to escape air strikes over the past 10 days and 435,000 have fled within their homeland, which could fuel the spread of polio as many are not vaccinated, U.N. agencies said. (VOA http://bit.ly/VkXd6X)

Vietnam’s rejection of 45 key recommendations in its UN human rights review has drawn criticism from activists. (VOA http://bit.ly/UF5py7)

The first organized opposition to Thailand’s military coup has emerged, with an exiled leader vowing to work with fellow dissidents to restore “democratic principles.” The formation of the Organization of Free Thais for Human Rights and Democracy was announced Tuesday in an open letter by Jarupong Ruangsuwan. (VOA http://bit.ly/UF5FgL)

Tobacco companies have largely snubbed an Indonesian law requiring them to put graphic health warnings on all cigarette packs, another setback for anti-smoking efforts in a country that’s home to the world’s highest rate of male smokers and a wild, wild west of advertising. (AP http://yhoo.it/TrHVvq)

As nations try to better plan for responding to and recovering from disasters, the United Nations has convened a gathering of some 40 countries in Bangkok to discuss how to ensure that human and economic losses are kept to a minimum. (VOA http://bit.ly/1pyLYAE)

The Americas

The United States is telling Central American parents there is no path to American citizenship for the thousands of unaccompanied children who are entering the U.S. illegally in hopes of escaping poverty and crime in their native lands. (VOA http://bit.ly/TrEN2H)

A video depicts the conditions faced by child miners in Bolivia. (Guardian http://bit.ly/TrGsFy)

White House National Security Adviser Susan Rice cast the protection of gays from global discrimination, abuse and even death as one of the most challenging international human rights issue facing the United States. (AP http://yhoo.it/VkXnv8)

Opinion/Blogs

Why polio in Brazil is as scary as Ebola in West Africa (Humanosphere http://bit.ly/TsX5R7)

Male gender-based violence: a silent crisis (ODI http://bit.ly/TrGHjN)

ForeignAssistance.gov Is Getting Bigger; Here’s How to Make It Better (CGD http://bit.ly/UF8puq)

Five takeaways from Australia’s new foreign aid policy (WhyDev http://bit.ly/1yKO86f)

Individual versus community incentives for service provision (Running Randomized Evaluations: A Practical Guide http://bit.ly/1yKOmu5)

A Piketty Protégé’s Theory on Tax Havens (NYT http://nyti.ms/TsXaEz)

Male gender-based violence: a silent crisis (ODI http://bit.ly/TsXbIH)

They Come in Ones and Twos (Warscapes http://bit.ly/TsXiUv)

Research/Reports
Surging environmental crime, from illegal logging to elephant poaching, is worth up to $213 billion a year and is helping to fund armed conflicts while cutting economic growth, a UN and Interpol report said. (Reuters http://bit.ly/TrEqFh)